The Greek civilization may have been at its prime thousands of years ago, but its art and artistic ideals are still seen in current society. One of the main themes in Greek art was their mythology, and the gods and goddesses that they believed influenced all facets of life. Numerous pieces of art, from sculptures and frescoes to painted pottery captured the images of the most revered Greek gods and goddesses. Some of the most popular gods and goddesses include:
Zeus was the god of the sky and also considered the father of the Greek hero Hercules. In Greek art, Zeus is often depicted with a thunderbolt which was his weapon of choice. Ancient myths say that his thunderbolt was created for him by the Cyclops.
As the god of the sun and light, illustrations of Apollo abound in Greek art. He was the son of Leto and Zeus, and his twin sister was Artemis, the goddess of the hunt. In Greek mythology, Apollo was known to spend a lot of time with the nine muses who were thought to provide artistic and musical inspiration. For more information about Apollo illustrations, contact a company like METAMORPHOSES.
Born of Zeus and Hera, Ares was considered the god of war. In art and literature he is often presented as a god who represents the physical and violent side of war, as opposed to military strategy. In Greek mythology, Ares was said to respond to the smallest slight or insult with incredible outrage.
Often depicted in art with his trident, a three-pronged spear, Poseidon was the god of the sea. He was considered to be vengeful, greedy, and moody. When insulted, Poseidon was said to cause earthquakes or powerful storms at sea out of spite.
Aphrodite was the goddess of love, fertility, and beauty in Ancient Greece. She was considered to be incredibly beautiful, and became the centerpiece of numerous pieces of Greek art. She is considered to be the mother of Cupid.
Hera was widely believed to be the Queen of the Olympian gods as well as the goddess of marriage and birth. She was the sister of Zeus, and also his wife. It is believed that Hera became very angry and vengeful over the years due to the fact that her husband had many relationships outside of their marriage, along with numerous illegitimate offspring.
Athena was widely known as the goddess of intelligence. She was one of the three virgin goddesses and was believed to have been the guardian of Athens. The famous Parthenon is believed to have been her temple.